Commercial urea production relies on a complex reaction between ammonia and carbon dioxide at temperatures of 200 °C. Around 80% of the ammonia produced globally goes to urea production. And the Haber-Bosch process that makes ammonia requires temperatures of about 500 °C and high pressures. How is urea produced? Urea is naturally produced when the liver breaks down protein or amino acids, and ammonia. The kidneys then transfer the urea from the blood to the urine. Extra nitrogen is expelled from the body through urea, and because it is extremely soluble, it is a very efficient process. urea production. Is there a shortage of urea?
The world is currently facing a shortage of urea, the key ingredient found not just AdBlue but most fertilisers, too. And it’s shortages like these that can threaten Australia’s entire logistics system. The price of urea has been rising consistently over the past year and reached an all-time high in 2021
Why did Australia stop making urea?
“Users of urea are everyone that eats bread.” The main domestic producer of urea in Australia, Incitec Pivot’s Gibson Island plant in Queensland, is due to close in 2022 after it failed to source affordable gas, further increasing the country’s reliance on imports. Do we mine urea in Australia?